Can a facade move its “face” or change constantly? What are the architectural projects which contradict the idea of facade as a relatively stable system? In this regard, we have done a short investigation about experimental facades which includes moving modules and different technologies to compose a dynamic and flexible system.
1. Ernstings Warehouse, Germany
Designed by Santiago Calatrava in 1985, Ernstings Warehouse in Germany is identified by its curved open doors. The project is considered important because of its revelation of a simple mechanical change can cause a perception of movement.
2. Institut du monde Arabe, France
Designed by Jean Nouvel and Architecture-Studio in the early eighties, Institut du monde Arabe is a modern interpretation of a archetypal component of Arabic architecture: the Mashrabiya. -Mashrabiya is a traditional facade system which allows to see the outside while the inside cannot be seen. In this regard, the institut building has light sensitive diaphragms which control the amount of light that is allowed to enter.
3. Brisbane Airport Kinetic Parking Garage Facade, Australia
Designed by artist Ned Kahn in collaboration with Hassell Architecture, UAP and Brisbane Airport Corporotion, this facade has 118,000 pieces of aluminium panels which waves fluidly as the wind blows and shape an ever-changing pattern along the facade.
4. Sharifi-ha House, Iran
Designed by Nextoffice, this house in Iran has an ambiguity and flexibility concept which shaped the house’s facade dramatically. The 3-storey house has a moving box in each unit to expand or scale down, to be open or introverted.
5. Breathing Skins Project, Germany
Designed by Tobias Becker, Breathing Skins Project investigates how a surface or facade can breath like a skin by using a pnömatic system technology. The project uses biomimicry concept to create a self-adjusted system -like an organism- to control the amount of light, heat or air that is allowed to enter inside.